Geography of transportation
The company "DARTS Logistic" carries out cargo transportation from Asia (China, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Malaysia, etc.), North and South America. According to the" European " direction, the cargo is accepted for transportation in countries where there are seaports (the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, France, Portugal and the United Kingdom). Possible delivery through the ports of the Baltic States (Klaipeda, Riga), Finland and Russia (Novosibirsk and Vladivostok).
Advantages of sea transportation by containers:
- high cargo capacity of vessels (the largest ULCC oil tanker is capable of carrying up to 550 tons on a voyage, Capesize bulk carrier - up to 400 tons);
- bandwidth is limited only by the capabilities of the various ports;
- low cost;
- the ability to overload the container any type of transport;
- the greater the distance, the lower the cost of freight service.
Disadvantages of sea container transportation:
- longer delivery time;
- availability of seasonal allowances;
- frequency of tariff changes (1P / month);
- strict deadlines for the return of containers to the port.
Factors affecting the cost of shipping:
- the direction of transportation and distance-the country of recipient may be more focused on imports than exports, and this imposes on the carrier the risk that the container will go empty on the return journey, which will increase the cost of transportation for the customer.
- container type-20dv and 40DV are the cheapest and one 40ft container (2TEU) being cheaper to transport than two 20ft containers (1TEU+1TEU);
- current market fuel prices;
- exchange rate of world settlement currencies;
- season -in winter, the costs of operating icebreakers are taken into account, there are seasonal allowances (if at a certain time of year in a certain region, demand grows, then demand gives rise to supply);
- when delivered to the war zone, a risk premium is applied.
Types of cargo that can be transported by sea:
This type of transport can be used for almost any type of cargo, including crude oil and petroleum products, raw materials for various industries, minerals, live cargo (cattle, poultry), perishable and dangerous goods.
The most commonly used containers for a wide range of goods:
- 20DC-the usual 20-foot container with a net volume of 33 cubic meters. m., holds 11 europalet and cargo weighing up to 28335 kg.
- 20HC-high 20-foot container with a net volume of 37.5 cubic meters, holds 11 pallets and cargo weighing up to 28140 kg.
- 40DV-usual 40-foot container with a net volume 67,3-67,8 cubic meters, holds 25 Euro pallets and cargo weighing up to 26840 kg.
- 40HC-high 40-foot container with a net volume 75,6-76,5 cubic meters, holds 25 europalet and cargo weighing up to 28650kg.
- 40HCPW-high and wide 40-foot container with a net volume 78.8-79.3 cubic meters. m., holds 30 europalet and cargo weighing up to 30720kg.
It is possible to use also:
- refrigerated containers for perishable food products;
- Open Top (with removable cover) - for non-standard loads;
- tank containers – for liquid cargo
Types of ships used and their purpose:
- tankers - transportation of liquid cargoes (oil products, cement, liquefied gas, chemicals, wine);
- bulk carriers – for bulk cargo (grain, coal ore, etc.), transportation of cars (have special hanging platforms for loading), OBO and OBC;
- dry cargo – general, oversized and heavy cargoes;
- roller type "ro-ro" with the possibility of only horizontal loading (goods on pallets or rolling equipment) or type "lo-ro" with a mixed type of loading using a crane;
- ferries as a kind of rockers;
- container ships (sea and feeder connection).
The main directions of world sea transportation by type of cargo:
Oil and petroleum products:
- from the Middle East to Western Europe, USA and Japan;
- from the Caribbean to the United States and Western Europe.
- from Australia, South Africa and the USA to Western Europe and Japan;
- from Brazil to Japan;
- from Australia to Western Europe and Japan.
- from the USA, Canada, Australia and Argentina to Africa and Latin America.